Text of the commentary exposed at the conference of professor Francesco Viganò, judge at the Constitutional Court, on “The Italian Criminal Law in the light of the Constitution and the Human Rights in the 21st century: five relevant judgments of the Italian Constitutional Court in the biennium 2018-2019”, given on 5 July 2019, in Santiago de Chile (Universidad Diego Portales), within the framework of the II Italo-Chilean Seminar on Criminal Justice. The discussant raises four main issues about the Order n. 207/2018 of the Italian Constitutional Court concerning the crime of assisted suicide: (1) Does the Court argue the unconstitutionality of the 219/2017 Act? (2) Does the Court overcome, although under certain conditions, the distinction between the withdrawal of consent to medical treatment and assisted suicide or euthanasia? (3) Would the regulation of assisted suicide admit a right to conscientious objection? (4) Which is the functional limit, in this context, of the principle of equality and reasonableness?